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What are the pros and cons of working in groups?

  • Group communication refers to the interaction of three or more interdependent people working to achieve a common goal.
  • In general, the advantages of working in groups far outweigh the disadvantages.
  • Groups differ in terms of whether they are meeting personal goals, work goals, or public goals.
  • Bruce Tuckman’s Group Development stages include forming, storming, norming, and performing.

How can you balance individual and group needs in groups?

  • During the forming stage of group development, most groups experience primary tension, the social unease and inhibitions that accompany the getting-acquainted period in a new group.
  • Hidden agendas occur when a member’s private goals conflict with the group’s goals.

How can you balance conflict and cohesiveness in groups?

  • During the storming stage of group development, groups must resolve secondary tensions and personality conflicts in order to achieve cohesion.
  • Cohesive groups share a sense of teamwork and pride.

How can you balance conformity and nonconformity in groups?

  • Whereas constructive nonconformity is appropriate and helps a group achieve its goal, destructive nonconformity has no regard for the best interests of the group and its goal.

How can you balance task and maintenance roles in groups?

  • Group task roles help a group achieve its goals. Group maintenance roles affect how group members get along.
  • Self-centred roles adversely affect task and social goals.

What are the characteristics of a successful group leader?

  • Leadership is the ability to make strategic decisions and use communication to mobilize group members toward achieving a common goal.
  • The trait theory of leadership identifies individual leadership characteristics.
  • The styles theory of leadership examines autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership.
  • Situational leadership theory seeks an ideal fit between a leader’s style and the leadership situation.

Which communication strategies and skills characterize effective leadership?

  • The 5-M Model of Effective Leadership identifies five critical leadership tasks: (1) model leadership behaviour, (2) motivate members, (3) manage group processes, (4) make decisions, and (5) mentor members.
  • People become leaders by talking more, knowing more, and offering their opinions.
  • Female and nonmajority group members are less likely to be preselected as leaders and are often evaluated less positively than are male leaders.